Shilpa Shetty has been in news recently for being a second-time mother. She announced the good news that she is blessed with a daughter named Samisha. Dhadkan actress, Shilpa is already 44 years of age and has taken the right decision to produce her baby by surrogacy. Filled with happiness, she shared the news on Instagram with her followers “Our prayers have been answered with a miracle. With gratitude in our hearts, we are thrilled to announce the arrival of our little Angel. Samisha Shetty Kundra. Born on 15th February 2020 Junior SSK in the house,”
Pregnancy beyond 37 years or older
There has to be the right age for becoming a mother. Pregnancies at older age beyond 35 are having their further implications which are riskier for mothers as well as newborns health. Women are more independent in current times than ever before. They are more career-oriented and ambitious. In spite of getting engrossed in their careers, there are several other reasons like higher education levels, improved methods of contraception, social and cultural shifts that have left women feeling not ready to have children, lack of childcare, low benefit levels, inflexible workplace policies, economic or housing uncertainty, and unemployment. In many of the cases, family planning lagged behind. Then the right time to become a mother just missed in those years. Pregnant women over the age of 35 and having their first baby have been termed as being advanced maternal age (AMA) or older mothers, or they are being referred to as an elderly primigravida or elderly primipara. Are their serious risks involved over 35 for a mother or a baby?
Risks associated with older pregnancy
As you get older, you are more likely to get health problems as compared to younger women. Some of the associated risks in later pregnancy include:
- Trouble getting pregnant (also called fertility problems)-There is a decline in chances of conceiving. Women are born with all the eggs they will ever have. As females age, the likelihood that they will get pregnant reduces due to the declining number of remaining eggs and their reduced quality.
- Preexisting diabetes- This is when you have too much sugar (called blood sugar or glucose) in your blood. Too much blood sugar can damage organs in your body, including blood vessels, nerves, eyes, and kidneys. Pre-existing diabetes means you have diabetes before you get pregnant.
- Gestational diabetes-This is a kind of diabetes that some women get during pregnancy.
- High blood pressure (also called hypertension)- High blood pressure is when the force of blood against the walls of your blood vessels is too high. Chances of hypertension rise with older moms.
- Preeclampsia-Preeclampsia is a pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure and signs of damage to another organ system, most often the liver and kidneys. Preeclampsia usually begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy in women whose blood pressure had been normal. If you’re older than 40, your risk is higher for preeclampsia than for younger women.
The risk to newborns of older moms
There are more chances of risks involved with newborns as compared to younger mother kids:
- Premature Birth: A premature birth is a birth that takes place more than three weeks before the baby’s estimated due date. In other words, premature birth is one that occurs before the start of the 37th week of pregnancy. Premature babies, especially those born very early, often have complicated medical problems.
- Low Birth Weight-Low birth weight is a term used to describe babies who are born weighing less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces (2,500 grams). Babies weighing less than 3 pounds, 5 ounces (1,500 grams) at birth are considered very low birth weight. Low birth weight is most often caused by premature birth.
- Being pregnant with multiples (twins, triplets or more)-Older women are more likely than younger women to get pregnant with multiples. This can happen on its own, and some fertility treatments make getting pregnant with multiples more likely. Being pregnant with multiples can cause problems during pregnancy, like premature birth, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and problems with your baby’s growth.
- Birth defects, including Down syndrome.-Birth defects are health conditions that are present at birth. Birth defects change the shape or function of one or more parts of the body. They can cause problems in overall health, how the body develops, or how the body works. Older women are more likely than younger women to have a baby with a birth defect.
- Miscarriage- This is when a baby dies in the womb before 20 weeks of pregnancy.
- Stillbirth.-This is when a baby dies in the womb after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
Surrogacy-Ray of hope to become a mother at a later age
Every couple hopes to hear their child giggling in the house, but sometimes their dream seems to slowly fade to a point that it starts to feel far-fetched. Science is offering many Assisted Reproductive Techniques but seldom medical issues with the couple obstruct the way, even after options like IVF, IUI, and ICSI, etc. When these techniques fail, a couple has two final options left: Adoption and Surrogacy.
What is surrogacy?
Surrogacy is an option used to deliver the baby to the couples who are longing for a baby for many years of time. In simple words, its a rented womb for the 9 months. A woman will carry a baby for you. Furthermore, it will be a couple’s biological baby when a surrogated mother will be having a father sperm and mother’s fertilized egg.
Are surrogated babies healthy?
Although surrogated babies are physically healthy they might get some psychological issues. Children struggle to cope with the idea that they were carried by a woman other than their mother. Children carried by a surrogate are more likely to display behavioral and emotional problems.
To conclude with
Age ain’t nothing but a number. But when it comes to getting pregnant and having a healthy pregnancy, it can matter. Rest assured, most healthy women who get pregnant after age 35 and even into their 40s have healthy babies. That doesn’t mean, though, that you shouldn’t think about smart steps you can take to maximize your health and your baby’s health during pregnancy. To conclude, I would always suggest newlyweds ponder over family planning at the right age. Nature has made the right timings for every process. We should not delay the call.